If you are unable to do your work due to the illness of your horse’s limb, we are talking about lameness. We judge the lameness in all three movements, that is, in step, trotting and galloping, although the decision in the gallop is the most uncertain.
We move the horse in a straight line and then round it in a crooked position and run freely over a long stem. The judge is further away from the horse to see well the movement.
We are talking about two kinds of lameness, one is the foreskin, and the other is a load of lust.
The protrusion is shortened in the stretching phase of the step, the horse pulling his leg. The pain, paralysis, limb movement of the forearm muscles can be the cause. As he moves to a healthy leg, he nods with his head as he lifts his head to the neck and the neck to relieve the load. However, it sinks during the illness of the hind limb and the load of the patient’s limb. In the case of load-bearing limp, the horse rests on the leg for a shorter period of time.
It is a common occurrence that both the foresight and the load-bearing lameness occur simultaneously. It is difficult to determine the exact diagnosis.
Inflammation – think about it if your horse is lurking
In most cases, inflammation of the hoof-dermis is caused by over-energy feeding, which is why hoof – dermis inflammation is considered to be a classical “welfare” disease of horses.
But there are many other reasons for its development. After the diagnosis is made, treatment should be started immediately to avoid serious consequences.
Hoof- dermis inflammation is very painful, with the majority of symptoms (muscle tremor, sweating, high pulse, and respiratory rate). Increased body temperature is common. Some animals produce symptoms similar to those of the coma: they don’t eat, they bite their backs, they go to bed later. Above all, lameness is the most typical pain response. Seriously ill horses refrain from any movement.
In lighter cases, only the trot is denied, they are relatively welcome in their steps, though their walking is a special form. To avoid the sore finger load, they move to the heel end and the supporting edge and then touch the front of the hoof. If after weight loss the body weighs only three feet, the pain intensifies, so hoof dermis -inflamed horses put their fourth leg as fast as possible, so the steps become short and flat.
Most often, only the anterior stomachs become ill. In this case, the so-called load relieving device is typical. “carrier wind position”: the horse places its weight on the hind legs, which are placed deep under its center of gravity and the front legs forward as far as possible.
There is also suspicion of hoof – dermis inflammation if the horse is permanently placed from one leg to another or with a raised leg for a long time. Characteristically, patients suffering from the disease are reluctant to give their stomach because they are afraid of the pain caused by increased pressure on the patient’s hoof.
Already in acute cases, there are changes in the hoof: the patella wall is warmer, the veins running in the chin are strongly pulsating. The pressure of the front of the hoof or the foot will trigger a pain reaction.
In the case of Patairha inflammation, the hoof is gradually damaged. its suspension apparatus, which is heavily bonded between the patch wall and the iris layer. On the other hand, the harp layer is also closely connected to the brooch. There are various reasons why these connections may loosen up so that patella inflammation develops. In some cases, mechanical overload of the suspending apparatus, long-term strain during long-distance riding, exhaustive galloping, or long-term stiffness on hard ground can also cause so-called. traumatic sputum trauma. Overloaded hoof – dermis inflammation can occur in horses with severe lameness, where the opposite limb takes over the load.
However, the most common cause is the metabolism of the colon. In this case, the balance of the intestinal flora breaks down, excess carbohydrates of an inadequate composition are rapidly degraded, resulting in excess lactic acid, resulting in a massive extinction of the colon microflora. Dead bacteria get into the hoof – dermis with the bloodstream, causing an allergic reaction causing the circulatory disturbance. First, the hoof – dermis lights up in the fingertips of the wall, which swells and selects blood serum. Between the hard horn layer and the swollen tissues of the skin, the blood serum is filtered out because the layers of the stratum corneum and the patella wall extend out of one another. This causes pressure on the tissues of the area to cause severe pain.
Most often, feeding problems are caused by the colon’s metabolic disorders. Many horses get hoof – dermis after taking the new grass. Research shows that high-soluble carbohydrates present in high concentrations in young grass shoots are the cause of the problem and not the high protein content. Hoof – dermis inflammation can occur regardless of protein intake, however, the severity of the disease increases if the horse consumes too much protein besides carbohydrates. In addition to the freshly grassed grass, for example. abrasions, especially rye, corn, and wheat contain many rapidly degradable, therefore dangerous carbohydrates. the oat carbohydrate decomposes much more slowly.
The second most common type is post-natal hoof – dermis inflammation. This occurs when the placenta or residues remain in the uterus, causing toxins to escape from the uterus.
Poisoning with poisonous inflammation can be caused by the consumption of poisonous plants (eg white acacia or toxic vetch) or by long-acting high dose cortisone administered by a veterinarian. Severe general infections, e.g. influenza or colic can also release toxins that cause hoof – dermis inflammation. Even the sudden consumption of a large amount of cold water can cause the disease to disrupt the intestinal flora. However, this danger only occurs when 20 liters or more of water is consumed.
The risk is particularly high in overweight animals. Among them is the proportion of ponies above average. Their owners often ignore the fact that they need less feed. So small pets take more energy than they could do with work – a typical welfare phenomenon. Of course, hoof – dermis inflammation can occur not only with the ponies but with all breeds and sizes.
The course of the disease
After the illness, the new stratum corneum grows slower than the carrier edge. The growing horn advances and the typical, bulging, hoof dermis -inflammatory spleen develops. The same is true for the backward-running rings.
First aid and treatment
Rapid veterinary intervention is of great importance, only to prevent dangerous stagnation and rotation, which is highly susceptible to relapse in the case of healed horses. The horse rider can also prevent further damage if the horse is placed immediately on the asleep as possible. The most suitable for this purpose is a box with a soft chip or sand. In the case of feeding-induced hoof dermis inflammation, the abrasion should be immediately withdrawn and a minimum of two weeks of mineral and hay meal supplemented with minerals should be maintained.
The cold attenuates the pain. Ideally, it is possible to set the horse in natural river water. For those who do not have the opportunity, use a bathtub or buckets filled with cold water. Applying cold water sprinkled with cold water at frequent intervals is not a bad thing, but less effective. The iron must be removed to relieve the inflamed patch. At an acute stage, this is a very painful procedure, so if you need it, you should wait for one, two or three days. Thin filing of the raft also results in relief as the clenched vessels can expand, thus improving blood circulation.
The followers of traditional medicine use a variety of drugs to cure the disease. In addition to anti-inflammatory preparations, they also have kidney-stimulating and detoxifying agents. Other active ingredients increase the amount of blood in the hoof and heparin, for example. Inhibits blood clotting. Although painkillers reduce the suffering, they are not safe. As soon as the pain ceases, the patient begins to move more and more, which makes her worse. If the horse “pulls off the nails” or the stomach breaks through the sole, the treatment becomes extremely complicated, but not hopeless. Often, the horse is urged to plaster the upper joints by plaster. Anti-infectious antibiotics can be protected from foot-break and the detachable horseshoe closes the wound against external influences. Views are about variables related to horsepower. First of all, experts do not agree that the substrate should be set high or shortened. For example, some pediatric pawns suggest that the carrier edge should be elevated in the acute phase to reduce the tendency of the wrinkle tendon to the stomach bone and thereby to counteract the rotation of the stomach. Instead of wedging with wedges, special boot shoes can be used. In these cases, the wedge is screwed under the shoe, or a wedge is used as a washer. The advantage of the procedure is that the horse is spared the painful anguish when it is in an acute state. According to experts who recommend this method, it is advisable to shorten the carrier edge after the end of the inflammation, with the aim of restoring the stomach, the hoof dermis and the spinal cord to its original position, however, it should be clarified by X-ray.
Although highly effective vasoconstriction is not an alternative method of treatment, it is a proven, ancient method of traditional medicine, and nowadays it is practiced by veterinarians healing with alternative means. The vasculature enhances blood clotting because the body has to reconstitute the blood it takes off. It is usually about 5-10 liters. First, the liquid part of the blood is replaced by the body, then new red blood cells are formed. This way the blood is diluted and it can flow faster in the blood vessels. Because blood loss is a burden on the circulatory system, the blood that is taken off is usually replaced with the appropriate amount of physiological electrolyte solution.
Duration of healing
Acute hoof dermis inflammation usually involves coping with the doctor in 3 to 7 days, but the treatment may take up to 4 weeks. If the stomach is sinking, the healing process will be completed no earlier than six months or later.
The alpha and omega of the prophylaxis of hoof – dermis inflammation are the right feed, which should not contain too much carbohydrate or too much protein. With a simple trick, it can be determined whether the horse may have grown a little “bacon layer”. The ribs do not have to be visible, but we have to feel them.
It is very important to adapt the abrasion to the actual performance. Feed changes should only be carried out gradually to prevent a shift in the balance of the intestinal flora. The horses must be accustomed to the freshly grassed grass, and not only at the beginning of the grazing season, but also when the grass is restored after mowing. Horses that have already been ill in hoof – dermis inflammation should only be allowed to go pasture, as the rate of decline is the highest in the case of hoof – dermis disease.
Animals that are prone to illness are particularly well-suited for strenuous riding after a long-lasting foot bath, which would be best done by running water, e.g. we put the horse in a stream.
Hoof – dermis inflammation, which appears on one leg as a result of exertion, can be prevented by placing the horse in a deep and soft litter box or by striking the opposite limb. The wood should be wrapped as high as possible so that the horse can press the upper joints better. Last but not least, professional horseradish and regular, conscientious patronage are of paramount importance.
Disputed Questions: It is debated, among other things, whether the horse can move with acute hoof – dermis inflammation. To improve blood supply to the hoof, some veterinarians, stomach analysts require coercion, but most professionals warn against this because each tile has a particularly high tensile force on the bending tendon and the damage that has already occurred may increase.